The Ruffled Fan Palm (or licuala grandis) is one of the most elegant of all small palms. In Singapore, its glossy, distinctive pleated leaves are a common sight along roadsides, housing estates and parks. Its slow growth habit and attractive foliage make it a perfect house plant. Best grown in partially shaded or fully shaded areas, its leaves turn brown when in direct sunlight. A native of Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, it can be found in Singapore Botanic Gardens and many housing estates in Singapore.
Named after Singapore’s nickname, "little red dot", the Singapore Kopsia (or Kopsia singapurensis) has a distinct red dot at the centre of its flower. A critically endangered native plant, it can only be found in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. In Singapore, the plant can be found growing naturally at Nee Soon Swamp Forest, the only substantial primary freshwater swamp forest in Singapore. It grows best in direct sun or partial shade and can tolerate waterlogged soils. To catch a glimpse of this flower, head to Singapore Botanic Gardens.
Elephant's Ear (or Alocasia macrorrhizos) is a plant species which actually refers to many aroids plants with big leaves. A common fixture in Singapore’s parks, neighbourhoods and streets due to its attractive and distinctively huge foliage. It can also be found on the fringes of forests or abandoned open land. It grows best in partial shade and requires a lot of water. Collections of Elephant’s Ear plants can be found in Singapore Botanic Gardens and HortPark.
Bougainvillea plants flower all year round. Its bright coloured bracts (which come in a variety of colours including pink, magenta, purple) are often mistaken to be its flowers. Its true flower is small and generally white. It's often found lining Singapore’s roads and overhead bridges and is a common potted plant in public neighbourhoods, making it one of the most recognisable plants in Singapore. Bougainvillea plants grow best in direct sun, with moderate to little water. They can also be found at Bougainvillea Garden at East Coast Park.